Sunday, October 25, 2009

'So You Wanna Be A Dj?' part 22 Valleys & Peaks

Why valleys and peaks? Some of you may notice I had had some 'interesting' tweets lately.
I have learned some valuable lessons this month and I want to share it with you- because I know that something funky has been going on with the planets as so many of you have had odd things happen to you recently and are going through a tough time yourselves.
I believe the worst is behind us as I feel a 'shift' of energy. I can't go into too much detail as I do not wish to embarrass the people who made these mistakes, it does give me nothing except knowing it will hurt them. I do not need to do that as I know they are sorry.
I have worked hard and it had taken over a year to get the labels ready to launch. Getting deals in place takes time, especially when you have TWO labels.
(we had a soft launch to test things out last year)
One mistake by someone I trusted nearly cost me those labels. Suddenly I was hit with a tsunami of problems. Legal crap, the worst and most expensive kind. I almost actually gave up. I have invested over 50k and worked hard for 4 years with my artistes just to get here. What was I going to do?
I do know it is the way we react to adversity that defines us- this was my process, to turn around shut it off and not focus on it for a while as it was consuming me, and fear is poison.
So one day last week I had no energy to work and I just could not face my computer. I watched tv (I rarely watch tv as I like to watch discovery movies etc) but I landed on a programme about the Olympics and the story of the American teams and what they went through to get there. It as so inspiring to say the least.
It taught me so much and I realized if I gave up I would be letting my artistes down and that we were all a team for better or worse.
No one knows what went down, especially them as you have to stay strong. It does not inspire confidence if your weak, especially if you have chosen to be a team leader.
Then I went upstairs and I found a book called 'BRUCE LEE Artiste of life' which are his letters and teachings on his philosophy of life, martial arts and his role as actor.
I want to share this with you.

'Nothing is weaker than water
but when it attacks something hard
or resistant, then nothing withstands it
and nothing will alter it's way.'

Be like water.

I have long had a passion for martial arts though due to injury had to take a long break which I am ready to come back to. So of course he is a hero and a great teacher to me.
His confidence is amazing, his lack of fear and his belief system has restored my faith so many times when I can't see the point and I am lost I read this book and I realize we can not let that thought enter the universe. Anything great worth achieving has a story of turbulence to get there. Watch Hollywood E stories, the same applies.
Sometimes it seems like you're swimming against the tides but as they say, 'this too shall pass'.

So whatever is going on with you, I leave you with these words by the great master and hope this helps you as it helps me everyday..

If you think you are beaten-you are.
If you think you dare-you don't
If you like to win but think you can't,it is most certain you won't
If you think you will lose you are lost. For out of the world we find success begins with ones will, its all in the state of mind.
If you think you are outclassed -you are
You've got to think high to rise
You've got to be sure of yourself before you can ever win a prize
Life's battles don't always go to the stronger or faster man
But sooner or later the man who wins, is the man who thinks he CAN.

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Propa Talent presents 'Elation' November 23rd.

New single 'Give it all away' out in November 30 on Ministry of Sound, album in February

Tuesday, September 22, 2009

'So You Wanna Be A Dj?' part 21-The Art Of Control

In today's world we can all too easily spin out of control, whether you are poor or rich we can let others control our lives, sometimes without even realizing it-a little like 'sleep-living' as I like to call it. What does this have to do with music?

Well, say you are one of the lucky artistes that makes it. Your earning cash, you have a manager, an agent, a a business manager, a lawyer (OK, you get it) you ARE the food chain that everyone feeds off. Say that is YOU. What happens if you're not in control of your future, if your ship is getting steered by someone else s agenda? You may be doing well but I have learned the hard way that no one cares as much as you do about yourself.

Do you really think there are people out there who say " for 20 percent I am going to stay up nights worrying about how to make my client famous?" I bet your the only one staying up worrying about your future.

This does not mean there are no good folk out there, but so many people think a manager is going to save them, or someone will be pivotal in their career. I am here to tell you that someone is YOU. Having a great manager is wonderful-go for it! However, maintaining and overseeing all that happens in the world of you is key. Don't go off thinking all your world is safe and all you need to do is be an 'artiste' while you pay everyone to take care of your 'baby'. That baby is yours!!!!!!! you created it, went through all the shit to see it blossom, know what I mean? If you look after it well, it will do the same for you when your as old as history.

All I am saying is your great, you got this far, hiring the right team is important, but do not think that that's all it takes. Learn the business your swimming in, for it is full of sharks. Knowledge is real power. I have said many times that all you need to do is watch what others do, the answers are always provided for us- if you know where to look. However trusting your gut, that little voice is so important.
Better to try an idea and fail than try nothing and watch others do what you wish you had the balls to do 4 years earlier. I know, it's happened to me. I have had some great ideas and people say ' oh no that won't work' like a slave I thought they must know what they are talking about surely? Only to see someone else do the very same idea and make tons of cash. Hard pill to swallow! But a valuable lesson indeed.

Remember, you got you here. It will be you that cares the most so trust your gut.
I try to remember that I can't kill anyone if I make a mistake so go ahead make it because it is the best way to learn. Learn how to run a label, how to produce how to market yourself, social media, Wikipedia! LEARN IT ALL. Become a JEDI in your world, master it, I have faith in you for the force is strong in us musicians.

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Thursday, August 13, 2009

'So You Wanna Be A Dj?' part 20-The Art Of Reinvention

Hi guys and dolls I want to talk to you about the art of Reinvention. Why is this important? Keeping you sound fresh will keep you in the business for a long time.Ask Madonna,she is the queen of it and a great example of an amazing Career and what you can do when you don't limit yourself. You don't have to be like me, or her, I change my style of music like I change my hair, but being able to adapt means you won't be a flash in the pan as they say.I want your flame to burn brightly for a long words are sadder than "I used to be in the business but now I have a desk job I hate"
It is really important to check out your influences, your heroes,your fav. producers and regularly listen to what is out there. I do this every time I go in the studio because you can never get to comfortable even if you have a signature style. For example, my fans know that whatever I put out will have mad energy, but I think they also love that I always come with a new sound and do push that envelope, sometimes I get shit for cross pollination genres but now it is more accepted for sure.. so experiment away!
When you have picked a genre, be it house,drum and bass whatever flicks your switch
(in my case EVERYTHING) there is no reason why you shouldn't be the guy or girl that turns it upside down and creates a new flavour. This is how music evolves,someone in their studio grows some balls and does his/her best to be original. Copying other people is lame,strive to be you.
Now, there are some formulas in music you should not mess with,like arrangement,it works for a don't mess with the tricks that work. A great breakdown is a great breakdown,I can't stand when I get a record, I love it,but the breakdown is like a limp penis. I always wonder if that is how the producer 'producers' in real life ha ha ha. As the old saying goes, if you can't dance you probably can't f--k.
My favourite label is Toolroom records
They have the art of reinvention and producing music down to a fine art. Not to mention all the amazing artistes they have on their side. I study labels, producers because I swim in their world,so I better have some chops if I hope to get some respect myself. These people and so many others in out wonderful sea of music are the best for a reason, it is not easy...In fact it is the hardest but most rewarding thing I have ever done, so the least you can do is try to be the best you can.This scene and this world deserves that,needs that from you and I.
Lastly,once you are luck enough to 'have made it' the real journey begins. What I am going to tell you is that once you made your first album/record like I did with 'learning Curve' you say to yourself 'and now for my next trick?' The second album is the hardest,I certainly took way too long to get back in the saddle mainly because I had poor management that kept me touring as I kept too many parasites feeding of my success I forgot the goal was to make music,it is the oil that keeps the wheels turning in my world. A mistake I will never make again. You have to keep coming with a fresh approach for your next record...and it can be a mind f--k I can tell you! For me Synthesis ( out sept 22 MINISTRY OF SOUND) was a wonderful adventure in discovering where I would go musically.So it's not always so much drama once you know the direction you want to go in....
I love not knowing how my next record should sound...once I get in that studio and figure it out,there is nothing more exciting.Imagine the joy of having to create a completely new vision of you musically for your fans....If you want to be in the game and in it for a lifetime-keep yourself current and knowledgeable and let yourself be free to experiment in your studio...I hope you have as much joy as I do daily doing just that!
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Friday, July 10, 2009

What's new?

Well guys and dolls it's time for a little blog. I wanted to update you on all things going on in my world.
Lets start with my labels PROPA TALENT/IMPROPA TALENT.
We stopped releasing material for a few months because we have moved to a new distribution company, this all takes a long time, but the good news is we are ready to relaunch again.
Standby for our first release coming soon!

My album Synthesis (follow up to "Learning Curve") will be released in the fall
There will be an official press announcement as to what label this is coming out on soon. I don't want to ruin the surprise.

I have formed a new drum and bass band called METASYN. we are half way done with this new drum and bass project, you will start to see this everywhere soon.... keep a close eye on DRUM AND BASS ARENA-METASYN is coming.

As for me personally, Synthesis took 2 years of my life to finish,5 years to create as I had to live a little,get some life experiences and all that so I could write something meaningful. I had big shoes to fill after Learning Curve. And finally nearly 40,000 of my hard earned cash to really bring to life.I wanted to make the best record I could make without anyone cramping my style. I did it with the best musicians out there,who lovingly brought my pre-live pieces to life. These people are now life long friends that changed me forever.

So thank you for all your support I am uploading a free track for those who sign up to the mailing list
Enjoy what's coming! Luv and bass DJRAP.

Wednesday, May 27, 2009

"so you wanna be a dj ?" 19 some help 4 u.

We are at episode 19 of this series and I want to take a break from the dj/production side of things for a moment.Because through your journey ahead you will be cast on oceans of waves, jagged cliffs and tremendous winds....challenges indeed. You need to cope well when these storms hit you,I have learned a few tricks along the way,because people were kind enough to save me when I was drowning in my sea. This will help you as a person, your more than a DJ you know!
The goal is to be a great human, everything else comes second in my opinion, what we leave behind is our legacy. Who will care when your gone? who cares now? It is an important question,few take the time to ask themselves if what they do effects others in a positive way providing light,or do you keep providing shade?
Before I start I wish to thank my boyfriend Chevy,Chris,Eve,Josh,Paul,Jerry and The Sakyong Jamgon Mipham Rinpoche
These people have helped me find an inner peace that was lost to me before.There are many more people who have helped me on my journey in so many ways and I thank them all.
Now, here are some cool dvd's to watch and some great books to read.Lets start with some dvd's.
1.Down the rabbit hole, what the bleepThis is quantum physics at it's best. It also changed my life, my attitude and really is interesting, I dare you to try it!!!!
2.Deepak Chopra the essential dvd collection
3. Fast food nationKnowledge is power,know what you put into your body,the goal is to have a healthy mind,soul and body.
4.supersize me.You will never eat junk food again!
5.Eckhart Tolle's findhorn retreat " stillness amidst the world" In fact get everything he does....
Books. I love to read because I am on planes all the time,what better use of your time?
Here are some of my favs.
coversations with god,The power of now,The sedona method,A new Earth,Effortless mastery( this is a must, liberating the master musician within)the seven spiritual laws of success,How to know god ( Deepak Chopra).
By the way, I am in no way suggesting you don't pepper this with your horror movies...
(I do) or stop reading US magazine ( sad to say I sometimes do...) Or stop watching AMERICAN IDOL (go Adam Lambert!!!!!)Just open your mind to it all,it's a big world out there.
Meditation is hard to learn but well worth it. I am trying this every other day,again really tough.But If I can't control my mind and be still,there will always be " noise".
Exercise should simply be part of your life. There are no excuses. It creates endorphins that make you HAPPY as well as the obvious benefits.
I hope some of you have the same great results I have found with this...remember life is about go taste them all!!!!!
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Wednesday, April 29, 2009

"So You Wanna Be a DJ Part 18?" Motivation

The importance of motivation. What flicks your switch?
So some time has passed and WMC is but a distant memory,was it really that great? (Yes,if only I could keep that feeling.) Back in the real world, my day is chained to my computer ( I actually love it) and late night studio sessions. If one stops to think if what they are doing makes sense, you would go crazy. I close my eyes and leap off that cliff with no feather mattress to land on. Faith is my parachute, hope is the wind. Jagged rocks of uncertainty below me.
Sometimes it gets so hard to be motivated . Some-one else is always doing better than you, but I try to remember that someone is also doing worse. You only have to watch CNN to know how lucky we are.
I am a little disposed you might say because I do alot for my art. Blogging, videos,spend all my money on the business of making business,podcasts,running two wonder if it all actually leads to anything. If you want to buy my records you will,right?( unless your sad and steal music) does me making videos help you do that? I guess this months important question is: is all this viral/Internet/social networking worth it? Does it help your business? Or does it de-motivate you?
I ask this because I think it can de motivate you,It can be a time-suck, take you away from the real business in the studio,unless your sick like me I actually enjoy it. I am curious as to my fans opinion.So I hope a ton of you give me feedback re this issue, I really do.I personally enjoy talking to you,it gives me the motivation to keep going,God knows I need all the help I can get,we are only human after all.
As my mum says, we all bleed when cut. Amen to that!
I wake up get my tea ( I am a Britt) answer fans in my space etc... and there is nothing better than someone saying how your music helped them through a tough time. It is humbling to know soldiers risking their life took a minute to write and say my music helped them jump out of a plane, while training,getting ready to risk their lives. I say don't do it to sell records, do it because it makes you feel good. That's my motivation. You. ( and a little vodka).

Find something that can take yo away from the studio,live a little, it will make your music better,full, mature. I guess I will never be rich in money,but in my soul I am a billionaire.

Hope this helps, luv n bass, DJ RAP

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Sunday, March 22, 2009

"So You Wanna Be a DJ Part 17?" Victory

The importance of " victory".What does it mean? I believe victory is for believers and for those who believe in it long enough. You see this picture above? That is my team in the studio ( well some of them anyway!) Left to right, Chris wood( mix engineer) me ( writer), Andy Irvine ( bass guitar) Chevy Bhorntus ( producer/composer). A happy team means a great experience making what will hopefully be a great album!
It is important to be realistic and keep your feet on the ground in this business. It is easy to let success get to your head, and as my mother always said, " be nice to those on the way up, because you never know who you need on the way down". I have seen so many people who started out cool and ended up wankers, They were " hot" for a minute, full of ego, but soon disappeared when their 15 minutes of fame cooled down. Our biggest enemy- is EGO. Better to have a long career than a short one!!!!
I have worked with some of the best in the business, Mark Isham, Hans Zimmer and these amazing composers taught me a valuable lesson early in my career....
It does not get much bigger in the world of Hollywood music score .These titans are so humble, as with any great human who is not fearful, they are quietly confidant, with no need to tear others down or brag about their accomplishments. You will find in the world not only in music, that those who do this are often unsuccessful which is exactly the reason they behave in this way. They are terrified they will remain so.... Because I had the opportunity to watch these composers work I realized early on how far I had to go ( god all I do is produce dance music ha ha) and that if I ever did indeed make it, would try to be like them, in other words be grateful not hateful!!!!
I struggle still with this concept, we all do. None of us are perfect but I honestly try on a daily basis to be the person I want others to see..the person I want to truly be. Some times I win, sometimes I fail, but I chose to not beat my self up but try again...I often ask " could I have handled that situation better?" If so I learn from it and adjust.
The desire to be noticed for all the hard work you do is strong, ( if the force is strong with you) sometimes the squeaky wheel gets the oil right? Maybe, however I have learned that it is your ability to be consistent and endurance and your self belief that really pays off as well as your talent. That is victory.
What is my point? well you you make it and your out there a million eyes are on you, people dying to be where you are ready to tear you down, make up stories,always with a camera (those damn phones lol) blogs, forums..the INTERNET. So be smart, be polite and when ever you work with people above all, be professional. If you are in a studio session be nice to whoever you are working with,especially the runners, you can be sure they will tell everyone if your an asshole who demands vodka at 3 am and doesn't leave a tip! Pay everyone on time, I pay everyone before- if I am using session musicians-just so they feel comfortable and this always elevates the mood because they feel safe. It goes a long way because so few do this ....YOU will stand out. After all, your gonna pay them anyway right? Be original!!!!!
If you take drugs/drink , be private,doing this in front of your crowd on the decks is so cheesy
( yes I see it all the time) otherwise you will end up like some djs who are more famous for that than their talent, promoter, agents, we all live in a small pond so be smart about who you chose to swim with!!!! look at any star who is famous for their fuckups instead of their art...they will have to constantly fuck up to be interesting because sadly, that's all they have. Being famous just to be famous is so lame but then, if you are a real artiste you won't crave fame or be in love with the idea of fame, you'll be too busy actually creating art .
I just finished adding the final touches to my album,( synthesis out in fall) I worked with some of the best musicians in the business, and it was so nice to have them say so many nice things and cut me a deal to boot because they enjoy working with me. I hope to work with them over and over because it is hard to find great people, so it pays to make it fun and keep it clean. After all, its not so much what you did that people remember, but how you did it.
Hope this helps, luv n bass, DJ RAP

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Wednesday, February 4, 2009

"So You Wanna Be a DJ Part 16?" WMC

Winter music conference is around the corner yet again. Should you go?
Winter Music Conference, in its 24th year, is regarded as the singular networking event in the dance music industry, attracting professionals from over 70 different countries. With its high concentration of top international artists, DJs and industry professionals, WMC permeates the international press and is thereby one of the most publicized events in the business. Every aspect of the industry is represented including the top technological innovators, artists, DJs, producers, radio and video programmers, retailers, distributors, audio manufacturers and many more. There are countless reasons why people from all over the world return year after year for this event, the most outstanding one being that there is nothing else in the world like it.

Here is another point of view. Just my humble opinion,everyone has an opinion, they are just like assholes.
Before we get into it, lets talk about the spirit past of wmc........
This has become a bit of a joke. In many ways it is important and good things happen, but at the rate Miami is going with the prices, this is becoming a ridiculously expensive timesuck. It is great to see the Djs showcasing their new material, though many of them play for practically free, clubowners/promoters making a bloody fortune. Who can blame them, it is seasonal after all, however last year was dismal and more and more people say they won't bother next year.Now, with this recession it really will be interesting. It is so expensive to stay in a hotel now that unless you share with 50 in a room, it seems impossible for the fan. Not too mention the chaos of getting into a club. Last year I did not go out once, I was so knackered from doing press and working, but that was fine with me, I can't stand the claustrophobic clubs. ( lets pray there is never a fire!)I hope there is the old spirit that I miss there, I hardly see anyone I know now, it's all business. I used to always have a crazy night there, a drinking hole for the dj/producers.....but now that drinking hole has dried up and only ghosts remain. I have gone for over 10 years, this may be my last time. We will see. WMC I miss you.I miss what this used to be all about.
As for those really wanting to know the benefits of registering, there are some.... I did some great panels and will do the same this year(BMI publishing) these are valuable so long as there are true speakers on the panel who know what they are going on about. I love doing these as they can be educational and fun. The truth is there are many opportunities out there, you never know who you will bump into, but if you are new in the biz getting a meeting is nearly impossible.....still I am glad to be there, but if I did not have any shows, you bet your socks I would not blink if I wasn't.I go for the fans, to perform for them, I hate to see them ripped off with these prices, is nothing sacred anymore!!! Anyway, here is some more info for you, but go to the site for the whole picture......

This from wmc

Industry Development

Currently, the music industry is engaged in a profound structural metamorphosis. CDR's, MP3's, download streams and other new technologies are forever changing the ways in which people create, buy, sell and listen to music. Such matters are among the many debated at Winter Music Conference. The WMC program brings together informed professionals to present new ideas, discuss industry issues, and build new inroads for business development. Meetings and seminars focus on topics such as market strategies, artist development, copyrighting, publishing, writing contracts, artist management, distribution, radio, promotion, Internet retailing, and the media, just to name a few. With more than 30 important meetings and seminars on the agenda, WMC will continue its mission to provide a decisive global platform for resolving the current challenges and stimulating new industry growth and revenue.

Artists, DJs and Events

One of the most exciting aspects of Winter Music Conference is the convergence of industry executives, press and A&R reps, as well as artists and DJs of all levels bumping heads on the dance floors and rubbing elbows at the bar, while enjoying their favorite DJs spinning on the decks. The level of exposure WMC provides for artists and DJs is invaluable. WMC offers endless opportunities for DJs and artists to network and have their music heard by an international audience of music industry professionals. The Demo Listening Workshops, CD compilation, DJ & performance stages, DJ Spin Off and a host of other performance events, showcases and release parties throughout the week, provide limitless opportunities for innovative DJs and artists to break out of the box. Venues throughout Miami feature a non-stop schedule of nighttime events showcasing legendary artists and DJs from all over the world. WMC also presents the International Dance Music Awards, revered as the premier annual awards event for the dance and electronic music industry. Ultra Music Festival, the largest music festival of its kind in the U.S., is the official closing event for WMC. Nowhere other than WMC will you experience such diverse and unique talents gathered together to share one week of exclusive music industry events.

Hope this helps, luv n bass, DJ RAP

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Thursday, January 8, 2009

"So You Wanna Be a Dj part 15?" Royalties etc...

As we start to delve into more complex issues with my series, many ask certain questions but can not afford a music lawyer, I hope some of this information can help though I recommend a music lawyer ALWAYS. I have taken much of the net here from wikipedia got rid of the unnecessary and condensed it so it's a little easier to digest. ( see bold type after each topic)

Royalties (sometimes, running royalties) are usage-based payments made by one party (the "licensee") to another (the "licensor") for ongoing use of an production/song etc.
Royalties can be determined as a percentage of gross or net sales derived from use of the asset or a fixed price per unit sold.. A royalty interest is the right to collect a stream of future royalty payments, used in the music industry to describe a percentage ownership of future production or revenues from a given leasehold, which may be divested from the original owner of the asset.

now, this gets tricky, when structuring a deal it is really important to get good royalty rates....this is where your lawyer is vital! I have always tried to get the best rate I can because this is how I earn a living.

A license agreement defines the terms under which a resource or property such as copyrights,productions,songs are licensed by one party to another, either without restriction or subject to a limitation on term, business or geographic territory, type of product, etc. License agreements can be regulated, or they can be private contracts that follow a general structure.

Again this is a contract which will tell you they have the right to sell your music in whatever territories you have agreed, the world or just U.S.A for example, it will explain what they will pay you etc....however, you own your product which is better than a record deal where they own your soul.

Trademarks are words, logos, slogans, sounds, or other distinctive expressions that distinguish the source, origin, or sponsorship of a good or service (in which they are generally known as service marks). Trademarks offer the public a means of identifying and assuring themselves of the quality of the good or service. They may bring consumers a sense of security, integrity, belonging, and a variety of intangible appeals. The value that inures to a trademark in terms of public recognition and acceptance is known as goodwill.
A trademark right is an exclusive right to sell or market under that mark within a geographic territory. The rights may be licensed to allow a company other than the owner to sell goods or services under the mark. A company may seek to license a trademark it did not create in order to achieve instant name recognition rather than accepting the cost and risk of entering the market under its own brand that the public does not necessarily know or accept. Licensing a trademark allows the company to take advantage of already-established goodwill and brand identification.
Like patent royalties, trademark royalties may be assessed and divided in a variety of different ways, and are expressed as a percentage of sales volume or income, or a fixed fee per unit sold. When negotiating rates, one way companies value a trademark is to assess the additional profit they will make from increased sales and higher prices (sometimes known as the "relief from royalty") method.
Trademark rights and royalties are often tied up in a variety of other arrangements. Trademarks are often applied to an entire brand of products and not just a single one. Because trademark law has as a public interest goal the protection of a consumer, in terms of getting what they are paying for, trademark licenses are only effective if the company owning the trademark also obtains some assurance in return that the goods will meet its quality standards. When the rights of trademark are licensed along with a know-how, supplies, pooled advertising, etc., the result is often a franchise relationship. Franchise relationships may not specifically assign royalty payments to the trademark license, but may involve monthly fees and percentages of sales, among other payments.

I have these as a brand it is important, it is costly so bear that in mind, you also have to think about how many countries you can afford to be trademarked in, it all adds up! You put all your hard work into your company, last thing you need is someone owning your company name in another country and profiting off that hard work!

Copyright law gives the owner the right to prevent others from copying, creating derivative works, or publicly performing their works. Copyrights, like patent rights, can be divided in many different ways, by the right implicated, by specific geographic or market territories, or by more specific criteria. Each may be the subject of a separate license and royalty arrangements.

Copyright royalties are often very specific to the nature of work and field of endeavor. With respect to music, royalties for performance rights in the United States are set by the Library of Congress' Copyright Royalty Board. Mechanical rights to recordings of a performance are usually managed by one of several performance rights organizations. Payments from these organizations to performing artists are known as residuals. Royalty free music provides more direct compensation to the artists. In 1999, recording artists formed the Recording Artists' Coalition to repeal supposedly "technical revisions" to American copyright statutes which would have classified all "sound recordings" as "works for hire," effectively assigning artists' copyrights to record labels.
Book authors may sell their copyright to the publisher. Alternately, they might receive as a royalty a certain amount per book sold.
Some photographers and musicians may choose to publish their works for a one-time payment. This is known as a royalty-free license.

Hope this helps, luv n bass, DJ RAP

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